Guide to the Angelica Balabanoff Papers, [ca. 1938]-1965
Table of Contents
- Collection Summary
- Biographical Note
- Scope and Content Note
- Subject Headings
- Administrative Information
- Access and Use
- Encoding Information
- Container List
|Repository:||Archives and Special Collections Library, Vassar College Libraries|
|Creator:||Balabanoff, Angelica, 1878-1965|
|Title:||Angelica Balabanoff Papers|
|Quantity:||0.3 cubic ft (1 box)|
|Abstract:||Collection consists of manuscripts by Balabanoff including the first draft of a portion of her autobiography MY LIFE AS A REBEL, published in 1938, and several poems. There is also an obituary, 1965.|
|Forms of Materials:||Manuscripts|
The daughter of a Russian Jewish landowner and businessman, Angelica Balabanoff rebelled at a young age against her upper middle-class upbringing. She earned a doctorate at the Universite Nouvelle in Brussels and began her lifelong commitment to the socialist movement. After joining the Italian Socialist Party she worked for the party in Switzerland, where she befriended Benito Mussolini. His break with socialism and espousal of fascism deeply disappointed and angered Balabanoff.
While not a great theoretician, Balabanoff was well respected in the European socialist and labor movements. She was secretary to the Zimmerwald movement, and following the Bolshevik revolution, was named Secretary of the Third Communist International in 1919. A few years later she broke with the Bolsheviks, protesting the Comintern's treatment of the Italian socialists. Emigrating first to Sweden, she began writing poetry. During World War II she lived in the United States but returned to Italy after the war. Until her death she continued to hope and work for a socialist future.
Collection consists of manuscripts by Balabanoff including the first draft of a portion of her autobiography MY LIFE AS A REBEL, published in 1938, and several poems. There is also an obituary, 1965.
This collection is open for research according to the regulations of the Vassar College Archives and Special Collections Library without any additional restrictions.
- Communist International.
- Labor and laboring classes--Europe--Political activity.
- Women in politics--Europe.
- Women social reformers.
- Zimmerwald movement.
- Europe--Social conditions.
Encoded by Laura Finkel and Elizabeth Clarke, November 2006
Angelica Balabanoff Papers, Archives and Special Collections Library, Vassar College Libraries.
Original processing date unknown.
Gift of Angelica Balabanoff.
Additional material added in 2009 from the Autograph File.
|Folder 1||First draft of the first chapters of My Life as a Rebel New York : Harper Brothers, 1938|
|Folder 2-6||First drafts of poems in five languages (English, French, Italian, Spanish, & Russian)|
|Folder 8||Correspondence, 1941-1947, n.d.|