Guide to the Jesse Isidor Straus Autograph Collection, ca. 1727-1873

Guide to the Jesse Isidor Straus Autograph Collection,
ca. 1727-1873

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Collection Summary

Repository: Archives and Special Collections Library, Vassar College Libraries
Creator: Straus, Jesse Isidor
Title: Jesse Isidor Straus Autograph Collection
Dates: [ca. 1727-1873]
Quantity: 1.5 cubic ft (4 boxes)
Abstract: Letters, notes, receipts, dispatches, and some facsimile reproductions of documents pertaining to political and cultural events of the 18th and 19th centuries, including the French Revolution. Signers include Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI, Johann Gottfried Von Herder, Helmuth Graf von Moltke, Mozart, Jean Paul Richter, August Wilhelm von Schlegel, Johann Strauss, and Robert Walpole.
Forms of Materials: Correspondence, receipts, and facsimiles

Scope and Content Note

Letters, notes, receipts, dispatches, and some facsimile reproductions of documents pertaining to political and cultural events of the 18th and 19th centuries, including the French Revolution. Signers include Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI, Johann Gottfried Von Herder, Helmuth Graf von Moltke, Mozart, Jean Paul Richter, August Wilhelm von Schlegel, Johann Strauss, and Robert Walpole.

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Arrangement

Arranged by country. The items from the 1945 accession are marked with an asterisk (*).

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Access and Use

Access

This collection is open for research according to the regulations of the Vassar College Archives and Special Collections Library without any additional restrictions.

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Subject Headings

Names:

  • Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor, 1685-1740.
  • Herder, Johann Gottfried, 1744-1803.
  • Jean Paul, 1763-1825.
  • Moltke, Helmuth, Graf von, 1800-1891.
  • Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus, 1756-1791.
  • Richter, Jean Paul, 1763-1825.
  • Schlegel, August Wilhelm von, 1767-1845.
  • Strauss, Johann.
  • Walpole, Robert, Earl of Orford, 1676-1745.

Places:

  • France--History--Revolution, 1789.
  • Europe--Politics and government.
  • Europe--Social life and customs.

Document Types:

  • Autographs.

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Encoding Information

Encoded by Elizabeth Clarke, August 2007.

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Jesse Isidor Straus Autograph Collection, Archives and Special Collections Library, Vassar College Libraries.

Processing Information

The original listing was completed in 1942 or 1943. The list was presumably updated to include the 1945 accession. The last known update was a contents check and retyping of the list done in 2007.

Acquisition Information

Barbara Levy donated the bulk of the material in 1939 when she was a freshman at Vassar. She gave a second smaller accession in January 1945 (marked with and asterisk in the container list). The gifts originally formed part of the Lucy Maynard Salmon Collection of Historical Materials.

Custodial History

The materials in this collection were gathered by Jessi Isidor Straus, the U.S. ambassador to France (1933-1936) and grandfather of Barbara Levy, VC 1942.

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Series List

Series I. France

Series II. Germanies

Series III. Great Britain

Series IV. Scandinavia

Series V. Italy

Series VI. United States

Series VII. Miscellaneous

Container List

I. FRANCE

IA. Before 1789
I.A1 Anne, Duc de montmorency, 1493-1567 — Document dealing with landed estates, 1 June 1562 [oversized]
I.A2 Henry IV, King of France, 1553-1610 — Letter to the Count Palatine of the Rhine, 1610
I.A3 Turenne, Henri de la Tour d’Auvergne vicomte de, 1611-1675 — Letter to Cardinal Mazarin, 1658
I.A4 Moritz, Graaf von Sachsen, 1696-1750 (Saxe, Hermann-Maurice, comte de) — Document, 1729
I.A5 Necker, Jacques, 1732-1804 — Order, March 1780
I.A6 Malesherbes, Chrétien Guillaume de Lamoignon de 1721-1794 — Letter, January 1787
*I.A7 Letter signed L.P.T. d’Orleans, Paris, 1786
IB. 1789-1799
I.B1 Augereau, Prince Françios Charles, duc de Castiglione, 1757-1816 — Letter, 8 Thermidor year II, 26 July 1794
I.B2 Barère de Vieuzac, Bertrand, 1755-1841 (other names on document) — Committee of Public Safety 17 Messidor of year II, 5 July 1794
I.B3 Barras, Paul François Jean Nicolas, 1755-1829 (other names on document not all identified) — Committee of General Security, 18 Brumaire Year III, 8 Nov. 1794
I.B4 Beauharnais, Alexandre, 1760-1794 (other names on document not all identified) — National Assembly, 7 August 1791
I.B5 Billuad-Varenne, Jean Nicolas, 1756-1819 — See Barère
I.B6 Cambacères, Jean Jacques Régis, duc de 1753-1824 (another name on document) — Committee of Public Safety, 21 Pluviôse Year III 9 Feb. 1795
I.B7 Carnot, Lazare Nicoas Marguerite 1753-1823 (other names on document) — Committee of Public Safety, 5 Ventôse Year II, 23 Feb. 1794
I.B8 Chabot, François, 1759-1794 — Declaration of income, 1793
I.B9 Chaumette, Pierre Gaspard, 1763-1794 (in folder with Cambacères) — Commune of Paris, 13 Brumaire Year II 3 Nov. 1793
I.B10 Collot d’Herbois, Jean Marie, 1750-1796 — See Barère and Carnot
I.B11 Guillotin, Joseph Ignace, 1738-1814 — Letter, 12 March 1813
I.B12 Jourdan, Jean Baptiste, comte, 1762-1833 — Official military letter, 16 Thermidor Year II 3 August 1794
I.B13 Laignelot, Joseph François, 1752-1829 — See Barras
I.B14 Lindet, R. ? Two brothers with Robert as part of name Lindet, Jean Baptiste Robert, 1746-1825 Lindet, Robert Thomas, 1743-1823 See Barère and Carnot
I.B15 Marie Antoinette, 1755-1793 — Order, 2 Jan. 1781?
I.B16 Méaulle, Jean Nicolas, 1757-1824 — See Barras
I.B17 Merlin de Douai, Philippe Antoine, 1754-1838 — See Cambacères
I.B18 Mirabeau, Honoré Gabriel Vicot Riqueti, comte de, 1749-1791 — Letter, 15 Oct. 1779
I.B19 Moreau, Jean Victor, 1763-1813 — Letter, Date?
I.B20 Moreaux, Jean René, 1758-1795 — See Tallien
I.B21 Nogaret, Jacques Ramel, 1760-1819 — See Beauhrnais
I.B22 Reverchon, Jacques, 1746-1828 — See Barras
I.B23 Rouget de Lisle, Claude Joseph, 1760-1836 — Composition? And letter, 8 May 1831
I.B24 Tallien, Jean Lambert, 1767-1820 — Committee of Public Safety, 16 Florial Year III 5 May 1795
IC 1799-1815 (Napoleonic Era)
I.C1 Arrighi, Jean Toussaint, duc de Padoue, 1778-1853 — Letter, 21 April 1810
I.C2 Bernadotte, Jean Baptiste Jules, 1764-1844 (later Charles XIV of Sweden and Norway) a. Ministry of War, 8 Fructidor Year VII, 26 August 1800
I.C2 Bernadotte, Jean Baptiste Jules, 1764-1844 (later Charles XIV of Sweden and Norway) — b. Letter, 1 Oct. 1814
I.C3 Berthier, Louis Alexandre, 1753-1815 — Ministry of war, 21 Prairial Year XI, 10 June 1803
I.C4 Bertrand, Henri Gratien, 1773-1844 — Letter, 10 Jan. 1827
I.C5 Bessières, Jean Baptiste, duc d’Istrie, 1766-1813 (Another signature on letter) — Letter, 1811
I.C6 Boissy d’Anglas, François Antoine, comte de, 1755-1826 — Letter, 23 Jan. 1824
I.C7 Brune, Guillaume Marie Anne, 1763-1815 — Official notice, 26 Oct. 1807
I.C8 Caffarelli (five brothers)? Louis M.J.M 1756-1799 C.A. 1758-1826 L.M.J. 1760-1845 J.B. 1763-1815 F.M.A. 1766-1849 — See Lannes
I.C9 Davout, Louis Nicolas, duc d’Auerstaedt prince d’Eckműhl, 1770-1823 — Military document, ll Pluviôse Year X, 31 Jan. 1802
I.C10 Duroc, Géraud Christophe Michel, duc de Frioul, 1772-1813 — a.See Bessières
I.C10 Duroc, Géraud Christophe Michel, duc de Frioul, 1772-1813 — b. Letter, 17 Feb. 1811
I.C11 Fouché, Joseph, duc d’Ortranto, 1759-1820 — Ministry of the General Police 5 Florial Year VIII, 25 April 1800
I.C12 Gouvion St. Cyr, Laurent, marquis de, 1764-1830 — Ministry of War, 13 June 1818
I.C13 Grouchy, Emmanuel, marquis de 1766-1847 — Ministry or war-receipt, 19? Dec. 1814
I.C14 Josephine Bonaparte, 1763-1814 — Letter, Date?
I.C15 Junot, Andoche, duc d’Abrantes, 1771-1813 — Ministry of War-reciept, 30 Sept. 1806
I.C16 Kellermann, François Christophe, duc de Valmy, 1735-1820 — Legion of Honor, 29? Jan. 1812
I.C17 Lannes, Jean, duc de Montebello, prince de Siévers, 1769-1809 (several other names not all identified) — Financial record of consular guard, 7 Frimaire year IX, 28 Nov. 1800
I.C18 Lefebvre, Francois Joseph, duc de Dantzig, 1755-1820 — Notice of military promotion, 13 Brumaire Year XIV, 4 Nov. 1805
I.C19 Macdonald, Jacques Etienne Joseph Alexander, duc de Tarente, 1765-1840 — Royal Order of Legion of Honor, 8 June 1818
I.C20 Marmont, Auguste Frédéric Louis Viesse de, duc de Raguse, 1774-1852 — Royal and Military Order of St. Louis, 19 March 1819?
I.C21 Mars, Anne, F.H.B., Mlle, 1779-1847 — Letter, n.d.
I.C22 Masséna, André, duc de Rivoli, prince d’Essling, 1756-1817 — Ministry of war-receipt, 28 Aug. 1811
I.C23 Moncey, Bon Adrien Jeannot de, duc de Conegliano, 1754-1842 — Official letter from office of the Imperial Guard, 17 Feb. 1813
I.C24 Mortier, Edouard Adolphe Casimir Joseph,duc de Trévisee, 1768-1835 — Royal Order of the Legion of Honor, 11 May 1833
I.C25 Murat, Joachim, 1771-1815 — Note, n.d.
I.C26 Napoleon I, 1769-1821 — Imperial Passport, 9 Oct. 1812
I.C27 Ney, Michel, duc d’Elchingen, 1769-1815 — Official military letter, 16 Prairial year X, 5 June 1802
I.C28 Ordener, Michel, comte, 1755-1811 — See Lannes
I.C29 Oudinot, Nicolas Charles, duc de Reggio, 1767-1847 — Army of Italy, letter, 19 Messidor, year VIII, 8 July 1800
I.C30 Perignon, Dominique Catherine de 1754-1818 — Letter, 13 March 1817
I.C31 Poniatowski, Joseph Antoine, prince, 1762-1813 — Document, 1808 [oversized]
I.C32 Sérurier, Jean Mathieu Philibert, 1742-1819 (Another name not identified on document) — Letter, n.d.?
I.C33 Soult, Nicolas Jean de Dieu, duc de Dalmatie, 1769-1851 — Letter, 2 April 1835
I.C34 Stael-Holstein, Anne L.G. Necker, baronne de, 1766-1817 — Letter, n.d.
I.C35 Suchet, Louis Gabriel, duc de D’Albufera, 1772-1826 — Letter, 17 July 1817
I.C36 Talleyrand-Périgord, Charles Maurice de, 1754-1838 — Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 9 Vendémiaire, Year VI, 30 Sept. 1797
I.C37 Talma, François Joseph, 1763-1826 — Letter, n.d.
I.C38 Victor, Claude Victor Perrin dit, duc der Bellune, 1766-1841 — Letter, 3 March 1808
I.D 1815-1900
I.D1 Dejazet, Pauline Virginie, 1797-1875 — Letter, n.d.
I.D2 Dumas, Alezandre (invitation connected with Dumas Père, but no evidence to prove whether the letter is Père or Fils) Père, 1803-1870 Fils, 1824-1895 — Two items: formal invitation, And a letter, 1865? n.d.
I.D3 Pélissier, Aimable jean Jacques, duc de Malakof, 1794-1864 — Card with signature, n.d.
I.D4 Rachel Felix, Elizabeth, 1820-1858 — Letter, 12 June 1847?
I.D5 Trochu, Louis Jules,1815-1896 — Letter, 3 Jan. 1864
I.D6 Uhrich, Jean Jacques Alexis, 1802-1886 — Army of Italy, Letter, 6 April 1860
*I.D7 Letter from Napoleon III on embossed note of paper, dated Tuileries, 5 January 1865 ?

II. THE GERMANIES

II.A the Hapsburgs
II.A1 Alva, Fernando Alvarez de Toledo, 1508-1583 — Order, March 1572
II.A2 Wallenstein, Albrecht Eusebius Wenzel von, Herzog von Friedland and Mecklenburg, 1583-1634 — Seal, 27 August 1630
II.A3 Charles VI, 1685-1740 — Seal, 1727?
II.A4 Marie Therese, 1717-1780 — Letter to the Bishop of Wurzburg and Bamberg, n.d.
II.A5 Joseph II, 1741-1790 — Imperial decree, 20 Oct. 1783 [oversized]
II.A6 Hofer, Andreas, 1767-1810 — Letter, 5 March 1809
II.A7 Laudon or Loudon, Johann Ludwig Alexius, Freiherr von, 1762-1822 — Letter, 16? August 1811
II.A8 Radetsky, Joseph, 1766-1858 — Letter, 20 April 1822
II.A9 Francis Joseph I, 1830-1916 — Note, n.d.
II.A10 Maximilian, Emperor of Mexico, 1832-1867 — Official letter, 28 Nov. 1866 [oversized]
II.A11 Rauscher, Joseph Othmar, Fursterz-bischof von Wien and Kardinal, 1797-1875 — See Pius IX under Italy (III. C 2) (Signature pasted on paper with that of Pius IX. 1876?)
II.B Prussia
II.B1 Louise, Queen of Prussia, 1776-1810 — Letter, n.d.
II.B2 Blucher, Gebhard Leberrecht von, 1742-1819 — Letter, 16 Oct. 1815
II.B3 Bismarck Schőnhausen, Karl Otto, Furst von, 1815-1898 (another signature on the document) — Note and envelope, n.d.
II.B4 Bucher, Lothar, 1817-1892 — See Bismarck
II.B5 Moltke, Helmuth, Graf von, 1800-1891 — Series of notes, one of them with the signature of von Moltke. Others not identified, 1872
II.B5 Moltke, Helmuth, Graf von, 1800-1891 — Note, 1873
II.B6 Roon, Albrecht, Graf von, 1803-1879 — Letter, 23 August 1870
II.B7 Werder, August von, 1808-1887 — Letter, 28 Nov. 1863 or 1873?
II.C German Culture - German enlightenment
II.C1 Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von, 1749-1832 — Letter, 17? March 1812
II.C1 Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von, 1749-1832 — Letter, 1829
II.C2 Herder, Johann Gottfried von, 1744-1803 — Letter, 16 April 1796?
II.C3 Humboldt, Alexander von, 1769-1859 — Letter, Oct. 1832
II.C4 Kant, Immanuel, 1724-1804 — Letter, 7? Feb. 1800
II.C5 Klopstock, Friedrich Gottlieb, 1724-1803 — Letter, 11 July 1748
II.C6 Schiller, Johann Christoph Friedrich von, 1759-1805 — Letter, Date?
II.C7 Wieland, Christopher Martin, 1733-1813 — Letter, 3 Nov. 1802
*II.C8 Letter signed "Neuber", a receipt for payment. Miss Luckau thinks signature at left of document is by Goethe.
II.D German Culture - The Romantics
II.D1 Grimm, Jacob, 1785-1863 — Letter, 7? April 1828
II.D2 Grimm, Wilhelm Carl, 1786-1859 — Letter, 27 June 1807
II.D3 Richter, Jean Paul Friedrich, 1763-1825 — Letter, 8? Dec. 1812
II.D3 Richter, Jean Paul Friedrich, 1763-1825 — Letter, n.d
II.D4 Ruckert, Friedrich, 1788-1866 — Letter, n.d.
II.D5 Schlegel, August Wilhelmvvon, 1767-1845 — Letter, date?
II.D6 Schlegel, Friedrich von, 1772-1829 — Letter, 3? Nov. 1801
II.D7 Schleiermacher, Friedrich Ernst Daniel, 1768-1834 — Letter, 9 Nov. 1809
II.D8 Uhland, Ludwig, 1787-1862 — Letter, 13 Oct. 1846
II.E German culture - Later Nineteenth Century
II.E1 Auerbach, Berthold, 1812-1882 — Letter, 27 July 1861
II.E2 Dingelstedt, Franz, Freiherr von, 1814-1881 — Letter, 14 June 1846
II.E3 Dőllinger, Ignaz von, 1799-1890 — Letter, 14 April 1876
II.E4 Gerstacker, Friedrich, 1816-1872 — Letter, 20 May 1869
II.E5 Grillparzer, Franz, 1791-1872 — Distich, 25 Oct. 1857
II.E6 Hacklander, Friedrich Wilhelm, 1816-1877 — Letter, 7? March 1856
II.E7 Heinsius, Theodor H. 1770-1849 — Letter, 11 Oct. 1840
II.E8 Laube, Heinrich, 1806-1884 — Letter, 28 Dec. 1848
II.E9 Mommsen, Theodor, 1817-1903 — Letter, 24 May 1856
II.E10 Mosenthal, Salomon Hermann, Ritter von, 1821-1877 — Letter, 1857
II.E11 Virchow Rudolf, 1821-1902 — Letter, 15 April 1847
II.F Music
II.F1 Abt, Franz, 1819-1885 — Letter, 18 Dec. 1866
II.F2 Haydn, Joseph, 1732-1809 — Letter, 22 May 1788?
II.F3 Pleyel, Ignaz, 1757-1831 — Letter, 1 July 1804
II.F4 Spohr, Louis, 1784-1859 — Letter, date?
II.F5 Strauss, Johann, 1825-1899 — Waltz, 11 March 1854
II.F6 Weber, Karl Maria von, 1786-1826 — Note, 3 Feb. 1812?
*II.F7 Letter signed by Mozart, 1782, inviting Baroness Waldstetter to his house for "beer in the English manner," 2 October 1782
II.G Drama, dancing, singing, etc.
II.G1 Elssler, Fanny, 1810-1884 — Note, n.d.
II.G2 Janauschek, Fanny, 1830-1904 — Letter, n.d.
II.G3 Lucca, Pauline, 1841-1908 — Letter, n.d.
II.G4 Montez, Lola, Grafin von Landsfeld, 1818-1861 — Note, n.d.
II.G5 Seebach, Marie, 1829-1897 — Two letters 18 Feb. 1864 and 5 Nov. 1898
II.G6 Sontag, Henriette, Countess Rossi, 1806-1854 — Letter, n.d.
II.H Art
II.H1 Kaulbach, Wilhelm, 1805-1874 — Letter, n.d.
II.H2 Klenze, Franz Karl Leo von, 1784-1864 — Letter, 12 May 1832
II.H3 Schwanthaler, Ludwig von, 1802-1848 — Letter, 1841?

III. GREAT BRITAIN

III.1 Churchill, John, first Duke of Marlborough, 1650-1722 — Proclamation to the army, 11 July 1703
III.2 Ruys (not identified) — Letter written at the Hague, Holland,telling of the arrival of George II en route to Hanover. In French 30 April 1755
III.3 Charlotte Sophia, Queen of George III, 1744-1818 — Signature, 1772
III.4 Wellesley, Arthur, Duke of Wellington, 1769-1852 — Letter, 18 April 1843
III.5 Acton, John Emerich Edward Dalberg, first baron, 1834-1902 — Letter and envelope, 17 June 1875?
III.6 Buchanan, Andrew, 1807-1882 — Letter, 29? July 1873
*III.7 Fragment of letter to George, Earl of Halifax, signed by Walpole, George Doddington and George Oxenden, 1730

IV. SCANDINAVIA

IV.1 Bremer, Frederika, 1801-1865 — Letter, 13 March 1845
IV.2 Thorvaldsen, Albert, 1770-1844 — Receipt, 27 May 1842

V. ITALY

V.1 Canova, Antonio, marquis of Ischivia, 1757-1822 — Letter, 30 Oct. 1817
V.2 Pius IX, 1792-1878 — Signature, 1876?
V.3 Ristori, Adelaide, 1822-1906 — Two items: Poem and letter, 12 March 1858 and 22 July 1863
V.4 Taglioni, Marie T. 1804-1884 — Note, n.d.

VI. UNITED STATES

*VI.1 Letter from Matthew Carey, with reply from John Thompson at the end of the letter.
*VI.2 Paper money, State of Massachusetts Bay, $4.00, May, 1780
*VI.3 Autograph of Lincoln, apparently clipped from a letter, 26 October 1864
*VI.4 Autograph of Jefferson Davis on a calling card.
*VI.5 Autograph of Benjamin Harrison on a card with engraved view of White House (?)
*VI.6 Autograph of Grover Cleveland on a calling card, 31 August 1885
*VI.7 Envelope of seals clipped from documents, American Legation in St. Petersburg, etc.

VII. MISCELLANEOUS

VII.1 Louise, Queen of Belgium,1812-1850 (Louise d’Orleans) — Letter, 22 Nov. 1847
VII.2 Kauffman, Angelica, 1741-1807 (Swiss) — Letter, 8 Sept. 1792
VII.3 Caroline (Dealer has identified the signature as the Queen of Bavaria. Place and date under signature are Munich. At this time the Queen of Bavaria was Wilhelmine Auguste, wife of Maximilian I. Other queens of German origin by this name circa 1811 were: Caroline Amelie, of England, 1768-1821; Caroline Amelie of Denmark, 1796-1881; Marie Caroline of Naples, 1752-1814.) 18 Nov. 1811

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