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Guide to the Gertrude Folks Zimand and Savel Zimand Papers, 1911-1958

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Collection Summary

Repository: Archives and Special Collections Library, Vassar College Libraries
Creator: Zimand, Gertrude Folks, 1894-1966
Creator: Zimand, Savel, 1891-
Title: Gertrude Folks Zimand and Savel Zimand Papers
Dates: 1911-1958
Quantity: 0.6 cubic ft (3 boxes)
Abstract: The Zimand papers primarily concern Gertrude Folks Zimand's work in France during World War I with the American Committee for Devastated France. There is additional biographical materials as well as items relating to her father, Homer Folks, Zimand's publications, and her work with the National Child Labor Committee. There is also a significant collection of material relating to Savel Zimand's work as a writer and journalist.
Forms of Materials: Correspondence, diary, yearbook, and photographs.

Biographical Note

Gertrude Folks Zimand (1894-1966) was born in New York City and graduated from Vassar College in 1916. As an undergraduate she was head of the Suffrage Club and the Socialist Club; she was also active in the Settlement Association and the debating society. After graduation Gertrude Folks became a field investigator for the National Child Labor Committee, an organization which her father, Homer Folks, had helped found in 1904. When her Vassar classmates selected her for the Borden Memorial Fund Prize for a year of travel, she decided to use the money to work in France. After a brief stint with the American Red Cross she returned to work with the National Child Labor Committee, devoting the rest of her life to the problems of child labor. She wrote extensively on that subject, publishing several books and editing the committee's magazine American Child. Gertrude Folks Zimand served as both general secretary and a trustee of the National Child Labor Committee and was a founder of its National Committee on Employment of Youth. She was married in 1926 to Savel Zimand, a writer and correspondent for several newspapers including the New York Times and New York Evening Post. As one of the foremost campaigners against child labor abuses, she fought for an eight-hour work day for children and for a law to keep children in school until the age of fourteen. She also fought for a constitutional amendment outlawing child labor.

Savel Zimand (1891-1967)was born in Rumania. He came to the United States in 1913. He was a writer, educator and advocate for public health and economic reform. His work took him around the world and introduced him to luminaries in the arts, sciences and politics.

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Scope and Content Note

The Zimand papers primarily concern Gertrude Folks Zimand's work in France during World War I with the American Committee for Devastated France and include a diary for 1917, letters written to her family, 1917-1919, and photographs. Other items include a tribute to her father, Homer Folks, Zimand's publications, the 1911 Yonkers High School yearbook, letters received on her retirement from the National Child Labor Committee, 1955, an inventory of her papers at the Social Welfare History Archives Center, University of Minnesota, and biographical material.

There is also material relating to Savel Zimand's work as a journalist. Correspondents include the painter, Jack B. Yeats; poet George Russell (AE); historian and supporter of Irish independence, Alice Green; Mizra Ismail, the Diwan of Mysore (now Karnataka, India); biologist and sociologist, Patrick Geddes; Irish labor leader and politician, Robert Smillie; and a variety of other political, cultural and social figures.

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Access and Use

Access

This collection is open for research according to the regulations of the Vassar College Archives and Special Collections Library without any additional restrictions.

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Related Material

  • Additional publications of Gertrude Folks Zimand are cataloged in the

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Subject Headings

Names:

  • Folks family.
  • Folks, Homer, 1867-1963.
  • Geddes, Patrick, Sir, 1854-1932.
  • Green, Alice Stopford, 1848-1929.
  • Ismail, Mirza M., Sir, 1883- .
  • Russell, George William, 1867-1935.
  • Smillie, Robert, 1857-1940.
  • University of Minnesota. Social Welfare History Archives Center.
  • Yeats, Jack Butler, 1871-1957.

Organizations:

  • American Committee for Devastated France.
  • National Child Labor Committee (U.S.).
  • Yonkers High School (Yonkers, N.Y.).

Subjects:

  • Children--Employment.
  • Journalists.
  • International relief--France.
  • War--Women's work.
  • Women--Diaries.
  • World War, 1914-1918--France.
  • World War, 1914-1918--War work.

Places:

  • France--Description and travel.
  • United States--Social conditions.

Document Types:

  • Diaries.
  • Photoprints.

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Encoding Information

Encoded by Elizabeth Clarke, July 2007.

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Gertrude Folks Zimand and Savel Zimand Papers, Archives and Special Collections Library, Vassar College Libraries.

Processing Information

Original processing date unknown. Last updated March 2007 by Laura Finkel.

Description of Savel Zimand material in boxes 2 and 3 added to guide in March 2007 by Laura Finkel.

Acquisition Information

Gift of Savel Zimand.

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Series List

Series I. Gertrude Folks Zimand (Boxes 1-3)

Series II. Savel Zimand (Boxes 2-3, Multiple Collections, Box 8)

Container List

Gertrude Folks Zimand

Folder 1.1 Lists of items in the collection.
Folder 1.2 Information about Gertrude Folks Zimand's honors and tributes.
Folder 1.3 Inventory of G.F.Z. Papers deposited in the Social Welfare History Archives Center, University of Minnesota Libraries.
Folder 1.4 Diary, while in France, 14 July - 4 Oct 1917
Folder 1.5 Summary of diary dated 23 August 1917, and extract from a diary "while with the American Commission to Devastated France at Blerancourt, Department of the Aisne, during the German offensive of March 1918," 1917-1918
Folder 1.6-7 Letters to a family from France, and typescripts, 1917-1918
Folder 1.8 Blerancourt photographs.
Folder 1.9 Letters from Homer Folks, Gertrude's father, to the family, from France, ca. 1919
Folder 2.1 Retirement as General Secretary of Natioanal Child Labor Committee, 1955 (photostats)
Folder 2.2 Publications
Folder 2.3 Tributes to Homer Folks, 1937, 1959
Box 3 Thirty Years of Service: A Tribute to Homer Folks, 1923
Box 3 Gertrude Folks Zimand: A Tribute, 1967 (3 copies)
Box 3 Yonkers High School Yearbook, 1911
Folder 3.1 Miscellaneous biographical material
Folder 3.2 Correspondence with Burgess Johnson, 1953 (photocopies)
Folder 2.4 Photographs and news clippings re Gertrude and Savel Zimand

Savel Zimand

Folder 2.5 Russell, George (AE), 1921-1930
Folder 2.6 Green, Alice, 1921-1923, n.d.
Folder 2.7 Ireland - Yeats, Jack B., 6 Sep 1921
Folder 2.7 Ireland - Williams, R.V., 13 Dec 1921
Folder 2.7 Ireland - Gallagher, Paddy, 14 Dec 1921
Folder 2.7 Ireland - Skeffington, Hanna F. Sheehy, 28 Sep 1921
Folder 2.7 Ireland - Childers, Molly (Mrs Robert Erskine Childers), 16 Nov 1921
Folder 2.8 Trotsky, Leon - interview, 1923
Folder 2.9 Soviet Union - paper rubles
Folder 2.10 India - Andrews, C.F. (Charles Freer), 9 June 1925, 3 Apr 1924
Folder 2.10 India - Ghandi, Devadas, 14 Feb 1924
Folder 2.10 India - Transcript of interview with Mahatma Ghandi
Folder 2.11 England - Cole, G.D.H (George Douglas Howard), 23 June 1921
Folder 2.11 England - Greendwood, Arthur, 1 June 1923
Folder 2.11 England - Tawney, R. H., 1920-1921
Folder 2.11 England - Middleton, J.S., 1920-1930
Folder 2.11 England - Webb, Sydney and Beatrice, 1921 - 1922
Folder 2.12 Responses from world political leaders re: world peace - includes Lord Robert Cecil, Gustav Stresemann, Constantine Rakovsky, Austen Chamberlain, Michael Hainisch and Leon Blum
Folder 2.13 La Fontaine, Henri-Marie, 25 Mar and 10 Jan 1920
Folder 2.14 Geddes, Patrick, 1923-1924
Folder 2.15 Smillie, Robert, 1920-1925
Folder 2.16 Gompers, Samuel, 23 Dec 1921
Folder 2.16 Nevinson, Henry W., 24 Dec 1921
Folder 2.17 Autographed photographs of Leon Trotsky, Madame Lenin and Mikhail Ivanovich Kalinin, 1922
Folder 2.18 Ismail, Mizra, 1924-1958
Folder 2.19 Khan, Zulfiqar Ali, 24 Feb 1924
Folder 2.19 Calvert, H., 15 Feb [1924]
Folder 2.19 Chintamani, C.Y., 26 Mar 1924
Folder 2.19 Darling, Malcolm, 25 Feb [1924]
Folder 2.20 Douglas, James G, 12 Oct 1921
Folder 2.20 Henry, Paul, 18 Aug 1921
Folder 2.20 Henry, Paul and Grace, 7 Jan 1924
Folder 2.20 Henry R.M., 8 Oct 1921
Folder 2.21 Marshall, John, 12 Mar 1924
Folder 2.21 Plunkett, Horace, 9 Sep 1921
Folder 2.21 Sastri, Srinivasa, 13 and 25 Mar 1924
Box 3 Living India, by Savel Zimand, dedicated to G.F.Z.
Multiple Collections - Box 8 Photograph of Anatoly Lunacharsky, Commissar for Education of the Soviet Union

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